Zika: An Unfolding Story

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congenital anomalies, Guillain-Barre syndrome, infectious disease, microcphaly, Zika virus


In our previous article on Zika, we established that it is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family. In this article, we discuss updated information regarding transmission and complications of Zika. In addition to contracting Zika virus from an infected mosquito, it has been transmitted between mother and fetus/infant and between sexual partners. Zika has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome, although the causal link has yet to be established. Microcephaly is a primary concern for fetuses of pregnant women infected with Zika virus. The most effective prevention strategy is to avoid mosquito bites in high-risk Zika areas.