Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Degree Level





Scott, Allison

Committee Member/Reader

Ballentine, Hope


Hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) has been shown to have poorer long-term effects in stroke patients from the time of admission up to one year of discharge. Throughout the world, people suffer from the complications of having a stroke and being in the ICU. Increased mortality rate, dysphagia, poor speech, loss of mental status, and decreased muscle movement are found in stroke patients who received treatment in the ICU. The poorer long-term effects in stroke patients receiving treatment in the ICU may be caused by the type of stroke, comorbidities, or mental status at admission. The long-term effects in stroke patients are also accompanied by if the patient has had a previous transient ischemic attack, known as a mini stroke, before being admitted into the ICU for treatment. This study uses research on the characteristics of stroke patients in the ICU and the long-term effects following the treatment through graphs and tables from 2009-2020. A total of four articles were selected and Golstanian, et. al. qualified for review due to its quality research that has been conducted showing the different risk factors and mechanical ventilation interventions in the ICU for the effects of the stroke patient in the ICU. As shown in the four reviews used from published abstracts and articles, the results indicate that the usage of the ICU makes the stroke patient have a poorer outcome by increasing the mortality rate, decreasing gait, and impairing memory. The results also show that mechanical ventilators and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes aid in how the patient recovers from a stroke.


Strokes, Stroke Patients, Neuro ICU, Effects of Strokes