Microfluidic channels utilizing magnetohydrodynamics are used to pump very small volumes of solution. The channels have electrodes along the walls of the channel, and a current carrying species within the solution carries the current through the solution. The electric field generated by the use of the current carrying species is perpendicular to a magnetic field applied to the channel. The combination of the electric and magnetic fields causes the solution to flow through the channel.
Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Arkansas, N.A. (Little Rock, AR)
Fritsch, I., Carter, C. S., & Aguilar, Z. P. (2004). Microfluidics and small volume mixing based on redox magnetohydrodynamics methods. Patents Granted. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/pat/138