In one aspect, reverse electrodialysis systems are described herein having constructions operable to reduce membrane stack resistance, thereby requiring significantly less membrane surface area for meaningful electrical power generation. A reverse electrodialysis system described herein comprises an anode and cathode adjacent to a membrane stack, the membrane stack comprising alternating anion and cation exchange membranes defining diluate and concentrate ionic solution compartments, wherein an ion exchange medium is positioned in a diluate compartment.
US 20160133981 A1
Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas (Little Rock, AR)
Hestekin, J. A., Dunsworth, H. M., & Lopez, A. (2020). Reverse electrodialysis systems comprising wafer and applications thereof. Patents Granted. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/pat/375