Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science




Bowers, Lisa

Committee Member/Reader

Haghighi, Mohammad


Bimodal bilingualism is the use of both an oral and a sign language, which in the United States often includes the ability to perceive and produce both American Sign Language (ASL) and spoken English (Emmory, Borinstein, Thompson, & Gollan, 2008). The primary focus of this research is to examine the operational definition of bilingualism, specifically when English and ASL are the two languages used, within the scholarly journals in the related field of deaf education. There is an abundant amount of research regarding language of children and adults who are deaf or hard of hearing (d/hh); however, it is unclear if researchers are using a similar definition when describing the characteristics of bimodal / bilingual communication. This study uses a content search of scholarly literature in the field of deaf education to provide descriptive information of the operational definitions used in research when referring to individuals who are bilingual in ASL and English.


Bimodal, bilingual, sign language, American Sign Language, English, Deaf education