Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Architecture

Degree Level





Colangelo, Jessica

Committee Member/Reader

Goodstein-Murphree, Ethel

Committee Member/Second Reader

Holland, Brian

Committee Member/Third Reader

Saeidi, Shirin


This inquiry pivots the discussion on design practice toward process, and seeks to elucidate how inclusivity is achieved in it, and by what means it is maintained. The design process is interrogated through a series of case studies on contemporary practitioners that either describe themselves or are recognized by the wider design community as inclusive of gender, race, sexual orientation, ability level, and are sensitive to history of place. The case studies are selected to demonstrate a diversity of project types, management structures, and design tools, and they comprise the practices of LA Más, Assemble, and Bryony Roberts. The product of the case studies is a comparative analysis of process through three registers: freedom of use, situatedness, and citizenship participation, concepts gleaned from the work of Stephen Carr, Donna Haraway, and Sherry R. Arnstein, respectively. The conclusion states a number of observations on the relationship between practitioner and user in the cases studied, as well as on certain aspects and individuals involved which should receive particular attention.


united states, united kingdom, affordable housing, participatory design, social justice, collaborative design