University of Arkansas, Fayetteville Division of Agriculture


There are many long-grain rice cultivars produced commercially in the U.S.; however, little work has been done on correlating the structure and physicochemical properties of starch with their texture. The physicochemical properties, leaching behavior, and texture attributes of eight longgrain rice cultivars were studied. Differences were observed in the approximate composition of kernels, including crude protein (6.6-9.3%), crude lipid (0.18-0.51%), and apparent amylose content (25.5-30.9%). These cultivars also differed slightly in thermal properties, such as onset temperature (73.7° to 77.4°C) and peak temperature (78.8° to 81.9°C). Although they showed a similar pasting temperature, their peak viscosities ranged from 680 to 982 Brabender units. The amount and the molecular size distribution of the leached starch molecules varied greatly among the samples. The leached amylose, instead of the apparent amylose, was suggested to play an important role in cooked rice texture.