Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)

Degree Level



Civil Engineering


William Hale

Committee Member

Ernie Heymsfield

Second Committee Member

Richard Coffman


Aggregates, Alkali-Silica Reaction, Concrete


Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a chemical reaction between siliceous minerals present in certain aggregates and alkalis in the concrete pore solution. The reaction can lead to expansion and severe damage in concrete members. One method to mitigate ASR expansion is to use a penetrating sealer such as silane. A set of columns located in a food preparation facility was treated with silane and a complimentary laboratory study was performed. A cleaning regimen involving application of an alkaline cleaner is employed at the facility, followed by rinsing with hot, pressurized water. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of silane when used in this alkaline environment. The research shows that silane was effective at reducing expansion in new concrete, less so when the pH of the environment is high; other measures were recommended for previously cracked concrete.