Date of Graduation

5-2021

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

H. Alan Mantooth

Committee Member

Zhong Chen

Second Committee Member

Jeff Dix

Keywords

ADC, Digital Signals, Machine Learning Algorithms, Remote Monitoring, SAR, Temperature Sensor Data, Wireless Sensor Node

Abstract

Wireless sensing networks (WSNs) collect analog information transduced into the form of a voltage or current. This data is typically converted into a digital representation of the value and transmitted wirelessly using various modulation techniques. As the available power and size is limited for wireless sensor nodes in many applications, a medium resolution Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) is proposed to convert a sensed voltage with moderate speeds to lower power consumption. Specifications also include a rail-to-rail input range and minimized errors associated with offset, gain, differential nonlinearity, and integral nonlinearity. To achieve these specifications, an 8-bit successive approximation register ADC is developed which has a conversion time of nine clock cycles. This ADC features a charge scaling array included to achieve minimized power consumption and area by reducing unit capacitance in the digital-to-analog converter. Furthermore, a latched comparator provides fast decisions utilizing positive feedback. The ADC was designed and simulated using Cadence Virtuoso with parasitic extraction over expected operating temperature range of 0 – 85°C. The design was fabricated using TSMC’s 65 nanometer RF GP process and tested on a printed circuit board to verify design specifications. The measured results for the device show an offset and gain error of +7 LSB and 31.1 LSB, respectively, and a DNL range of -0.9 LSB to +0.8 LSB and an INL range of approximately -4.6 LSB to +12 LSB. The INL is much improved in regard to the application of the temperature sensor. The INL for this region of interest is from -3.5 LSB to +2.8 LSB.

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