animal cruelty, animal welfare, animal protection, public health, USDA, states rights, regulations, federal government
In 2008, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) released an undercover video filmed at the Hallmark Meat Packing Company and Westland Meat Company (Hallmark/Westland) in Chino, California. "The footage depicted nonambulatory cows being kicked, dragged, electrocuted, jammed with forklifts and sprayed in the nostrils with water to simulate drowning - in an effort to get them to stand up and walk to their slaughter." At least five inspectors from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - the federal agency tasked with ensuring that food safety and animal welfare guidelines are followed - were present at the time. The video led to the shutdown of the plant and the largest meat recall in United States (US) history. It also led to increased awareness about the reality of our food supply. Americans were particularly outraged to learn that not only were animals too sick or injured to walk on their own being violently abused, but the facility involved was the second largest producer of beef for government food programs, including the national school lunch program, and programs for senior citizens and low-income families. Moreover, Westland had received the USDA award for supplier of the year in 2004-05.
Torrez, M. (2021). Health and Welfare Preempted: How National Meat Association v. Harris Undermines Federalism, Food Safety, and Animal Protection. Journal of Food Law & Policy, 10(1). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/jflp/vol10/iss1/6
Agriculture Law Commons, Animal Law Commons, Consumer Protection Law Commons, Food and Drug Law Commons, Jurisprudence Commons, Law and Society Commons, Legislation Commons, Public Law and Legal Theory Commons, State and Local Government Law Commons