Global wine industry, Geographical Indications (GI), GI rights, GI protections, wine distribution, agricultural policy, World Trade Organization (WTO), European Union (EU), international law, TRIPS Agreement

Document Type



The marketing of goods under geographical names has always been common. In addition to introducing commercial facets of wine distribution agreements, this article discusses the justifications, principles and, policies that lie behind the protection of geographical indications (GIs) for wine on an international level as well as in the Old World and, to a lesser degree, in the New World. The scope and shape of the GI system will then be scrutinized in light of its own justifications and in the light of its impact on international trade, intellectual property, and agricultural policy.