land acquisition, community gardens, land trusts, creative leasing, zoning, urban agriculture, animal keeping, farm produce, garden produce, soil testing, composting

Document Type



Urban agriculture takes many forms, including individual gardens on privately owned land, neighborhood gardens, community gardens, and gardens located on church and school grounds, housing developments, and other publicly owned property. The most essential factors for successful urban agriculture efforts include land acquisition, zoning ordinances, access to affordable water, infrastructure, and support services such as education and outreach. Cities across the United States have formed task forces with the mission of making their cities more sustainable or strengthening the local food supply system; urban agriculture is instrumental in both of these missions. Major cities across the United States are recognizing the important role urban agriculture and local food play in creating a healthy and vital community, including the City of Seattle, which declared 2010 to be the Year of Urban Agriculture, and the City of Cleveland, which has declared 2012 the Year of Local Food.