High school, GPA, grade point average, ninth grade, freshman students, academic outcomes
Office for Education Policy
Volume 18 Issue 8
In this brief, we examine Arkansas’ students’ ninth-grade GPAs and their relationship to high school graduation and college enrollment. We follow seven cohorts of Arkansas first-time freshmen who were still enrolled in twelfth grade four years later. We find ninth-grade GPAs strongly influence future academic successes. We suggest policies to help all freshmen succeed.
McKenzie, S. C., McGee, J. B., Reid, C. A., & Morris, S. R. (2021). Examining Arkansas' Ninth-Grade GPAs and Long-Term Outcomes. Policy Briefs. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/oepbrief/159