Benchmark tests, student proficiency
At the end of October, the Arkansas Department of Education released annual adequate yearly progress (AYP) figures for Arkansas schools. These results are based on benchmark and end-of-course test scores in math and literacy for both overall populations and subgroups within schools. They are used to determine whether a school meets state standards and, given their performance in the most recent two years, whether they are placed in the "school improvement" category
Jensen, Nathan C. and Ritter, Gary W., "Adequate Yearly Progress in Arkansas 2009-10" (2010). Policy Briefs. 64.