A newly discovered microorganism was isolated in a biologically pure culture and designated Clostridium ljungdahlii, having the identifying characteristics of ATCC No. 49587. Cultured in an aqueous nutrient medium under anaerobic conditions, this microorganism is capable of producing ethanol and acetate from CO and H2O and/or CO2 and H2 in synthesis gas. Under optimal growth conditions, the microorganism produces acetate in preference to ethanol. Conversely, under non-growth conditions, ethanol production is favored over acetate.
Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas (Little Rock, AR)
Gaddy, James L. and Clausen, Edgar C., "Clostridiumm ljungdahlii, an anaerobic ethanol and acetate producing microorganism" (1992). Patents Granted. 237.