Evaluation of Essential Oil Products on Performance, Intestinal Permeability, Bone Mineralization, and Oxidative Stress Parameters on Broiler Chickens Under Heat Stress Conditions
Date of Graduation
Bachelor of Science in Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences
Committee Member/Second Reader
The goal of this study was to show how dietary supplementation of three different formulations of essential oils (EO) affected the performance of broiler chickens during heat stress (HS). Day-of-hatch Cobb 500 chicks (n = 500) were randomly divided into four groups: 1. HS control + control diets; 2. HS + control meals supplemented with 37 ppm EO of Lippia origanoides (LO); 3. HS + control diets supplemented with 45 ppm LO + 45 ppm EO of Rosmarinus officinalis (RO) + 300 ppm red beetroot; 4. HS + 45 ppm LO + 45 ppm RO + 300 ppm natural betaine. When compared to control HS chickens, the EO chickens had a substantial (p ≤ 0.05) improvement in BW, BWG, FI, and FCR. Average body core temperature in group 3 and group 4 was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced compared with the HS control group and essential oil group 2. When compared to the HS control, experimental groups demonstrated a substantial reduction in FITC-d at 42 days, a significant rise in SOD at both days, but a significant loss in IFN-γ and IgA (p ≤ 0.05). Treating birds with EO enhanced bone mineralization considerably (p ≤ 0.05). These findings imply that dietary EO supplementation may help to minimize the adverse effects of HS.
broiler chickens, essential oils, heat stress, Lippia origanoides, Rosmarinus officinalis, service learning
Ruff, J. (2021). Evaluation of Essential Oil Products on Performance, Intestinal Permeability, Bone Mineralization, and Oxidative Stress Parameters on Broiler Chickens Under Heat Stress Conditions. Poultry Science Undergraduate Honors Theses Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/poscuht/11