Background: On February 23, 2020, Ahmaud Arbery, a 25-year-old Black man, was gunned down while jogging near his Georgia home. Portions of the physical altercation were caught on camera by one of the three men charged in the murder. The shooter reportedly uttered a racial epithet at Arbery as he lay in the street dying. Georgia is one of the four states without hate crime laws in the United states, but the FBI is currently investigating the shooting as a potential hate crime.
Gruenewald, J., & Ratcliff, K. (2020). Less than Half of Racially-Motivated Homicides Result in Official Hate Crime Charges. Research Projects. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/tercpr/23